In many countries, people are now living longer than ever before. Some people say an ageing population creates problems for governments. Other people think that there are benefits if a society has more elderly people. To what extent do the advantages of having an ageing population outweigh the disadvantages?


You should spend around 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

In many countries, people are now living longer than ever before. Some people say an ageing population creates problems for governments. Other people think that there are benefits if a society has more elderly people.

To what extent do the advantages of having an ageing population outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience.

Write at least 250 words.

In many countries, people are now living longer than ever before. Some people say an ageing population creates problems for governments. Other people think that there are benefits if a society has more elderly people. To what extent do the advantages of having an ageing population outweigh the disadvantages?

In recent years, life expectancy has risen significantly in many countries, leading to a demographic shift characterized by an increasingly aging population. This transformation has ignited debates about whether the advantages of having an older population outweigh the disadvantages. In this essay, we will explore both sides of this issue.

To begin, let us consider the advantages of an aging population. First and foremost, longer life expectancies are a testament to advancements in healthcare and improved living conditions. Older individuals bring with them a wealth of experience, wisdom, and skills that can benefit society. They often play essential roles as caregivers for their grandchildren which alleviates the childcare burden on working parents. Moreover, older people can contribute to the workforce, offering valuable expertise and mentorship.

However, it is also crucial to acknowledge the disadvantages. An aging population places increased pressure on healthcare systems, and pension programs puts a strain on government budgets. As the elderly population grows, there may be a decline in the number of working-age individuals, potentially affecting economic productivity. Additionally, the demand for elderly care services may surge which brings forth caregiver shortages and increased healthcare costs.

To recapitulate, while an aging population presents both advantages and disadvantages, it is possible to strike a balance. Governments and societies should invest in healthcare, education, and social support systems to harness the potential benefits of an aging population while addressing the challenges it poses. With strategic planning and proactive measures, the advantages of having a longer-living society can indeed outweigh the disadvantages, resulting in a more resilient and prosperous society as a whole.

Color and style code
Underlined and italicized sentences are complex sentences.

Red-colored words are uncommon context-specific words which boost vocabulary score.

Orange-colored words or phrases are discourse markers which boost the score for coherence and cohesion.

Blue-colored phrases are idiomatic expressions or collocations which increase the score for lexical resources.

How to score?

In IELTS exams, an essay that can get you a score of 7.0 or higher needs to have certain prescribed features.

First of all, the essay has to answer all parts of the question in logically-developed and well-supported argumentative paragraphs.

Secondly, it needs to use discourse markers and cohesive devices for coherence.

Thirdly, there should a wide range of sophisticated vocabulary.

And lastly, the essay should be composed of error-free sentences, including some complex grammatical structures.

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pratikshya lamichhane
pratikshya lamichhane
5 months ago

very informative…

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