You should spend around 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
|In many countries around the world, rural people are moving to cities, so the population in the countryside is decreasing.|
Do you think this is a positive or a negative development?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience.
Write at least 250 words.
In many countries around the world, rural people are moving to cities, so the population in the countryside is decreasing. Do you think this is a positive or a negative development?
The migration of rural populations to urban centers is a global phenomenon, and its implications have sparked debates about whether this trend represents a positive or negative development. While there are both merits and demerits associated with this shift, I believe that, overall, it carries a mixture of benefits and challenges.
One of the primary advantages of rural-to-urban migration is economic opportunity. Cities often offer a wider range of employment options, higher wages, and better access to education and healthcare. This can bring about an improvement in the standard of living for individuals and their families. Additionally, the concentration of talent and resources in urban areas can foster innovation and economic growth, benefiting the entire country.
Furthermore, urbanization can lead to improved infrastructure and public services in both urban and rural areas. As more people move to cities, governments are compelled to invest in transportation, utilities, and healthcare facilities to accommodate the growing urban population. Some of these improvements can spill over into rural areas, enhancing the overall quality of life.
However, rural-to-urban migration also comes with significant drawbacks. Cities often struggle to provide adequate housing, transportation, and social services for the influx of newcomers, creating issues such as overcrowding, pollution, and inadequate urban planning. Moreover, the depopulation of rural areas can have adverse effects on agriculture, food production, and the preservation of cultural heritage.
Overall, while urbanization can offer economic opportunities and spur development, it also poses challenges related to urban infrastructure and the potential neglect of rural areas. The key lies in effective government policies that address these challenges while harnessing the benefits of urbanization to improve the overall well-being of the population, both in cities and the countryside.
|Color and style code|
|Underlined and italicized sentences are complex sentences.|
Red-colored words are uncommon context-specific words which boost vocabulary score.
Orange-colored words or phrases are discourse markers which boost the score for coherence and cohesion.
Blue-colored phrases are idiomatic expressions or collocations which increase the score for lexical resources.
How to score?
First of all, the essay has to answer all parts of the question in logically-developed and well-supported argumentative paragraphs.
Secondly, it needs to use discourse markers and cohesive devices for coherence.
Thirdly, there should a wide range of sophisticated vocabulary.
And lastly, the essay should be composed of error-free sentences, including some complex grammatical structures.
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