IELTS Writing Task 1 Maps: The perfect format


Sometimes we get two or three maps in IELTS Writing Task 1 Map questions in order to describe the changes between the maps.

These maps normally are either layouts of towns and villages or designs of parks and similar structures.

You will never get a single map to analyze. There will always be either two or three maps belonging to different time periods. You have to figure out and report on the changes between the maps to get you closer to your dream of studying abroad courses.

Analysis of IELTS Writing Task 1 Maps

Look at a sample IELTS Writing Task 1 question below.

WRITING TASK 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The maps below show the center of a small town called Birshire as it is now, and plans for its development.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Birshire (present)

Map of old Birshire for IELTS Writing Task 1

Birshire (future plans)

Map of new Birshire for IELTS Writing Task 1

How to describe a map in IELTS Writing Task 1?

The following are the changes that can occur between maps.

  1. addition: A new structure not present in the old map may be seen in the next map. This means construction of a new feature. For example, in the maps above, you can see items like a supermarket and a sports center will have been built in the future.
  2. removal: Old structures may be demolished and erased from the map. In Birshire, you can see that the farms and the farmer’s market will be removed.
  3. expansion: Some items may be extended to make them bigger. For an instance, the housing area and the Corbie Road will have been expanded in the future.
  4. downsizing: Opposite to expansion, some structures may be reduced in size when comparing two maps.
  5. replacement: On occasions, you will notice that some features from the older map may be absent from the newer one with some other feature in its place. If you look at the maps above, you will find that the Hoolahan Farm will have been replaced by a car park, while the shops will have been replaced by houses.
  6. shifting: Items can also be moved from one location in the map to another.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Map Questions: Locating places in a map

Describing the alterations and modifications in the maps is one aspect, but we also need to give details of where those changes have occurred.

  1. top / bottom: If directions have not been given, then mention whether the places in the map are at the top or at the bottom.
  2. left / right: Similarly, in the absence of directions, include whether the places are on the left-hand side or the right-hand side.
  3. beside: When two items are very close to each other, they can be said to be beside each other. Apart from beside, we can also use words like alongside, next to, nearby, or adjacent to.
  4. opposite: Places which are facing each other can be said to be opposite or in front of each other.
  5. north / south / east / west / northeast / southeast / northwest / southwest: Some maps include a compass rose. In such cases, locate places using directions instead of simply top, bottom, left, or right. Sometimes only one direction, usually North, is given. You have to work out the other directions by yourself.
compass rose
wind rose

Overview for IELTS Writing Task 1 Maps

According to IELTS Writing Evaluation guidelines, you need to write an overview or summary of the changes you see between the maps. You need to write just two sentences and nothing more.

  1. Describe the biggest change in a short sentence.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Maps Sample answer 1

WRITING TASK 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The maps below show the center of a small town called Birshire as it is now, and plans for its development.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Birshire (present)

Map of old Birshire for IELTS Writing Task 1

Birshire (future plans)

Map of new Birshire for IELTS Writing Task 1
Sample answer:
The given maps describe the changes which have been planned for the town of Birshire.

In summary, Birshire will have undergone a drastic transformation from a rural town into an urbanized area in the future with new infrastructures like roads, a car park, and a supermarket.

First and foremost, all the farms from Birshire will have been removed in the days to come. Griffiths Farm, which is in the top right corner of the map, will have been replaced by a supermarket, whereas Hoolahan Farm, which is currently on the right side of McGoldrick Road, will make way for a parking lot. Moreover, the Farmer’s Market, which is beside Corbie Road, will no longer be there in the future.

Furthermore, apart from the addition of a roundabout at the junction of McGoldrick Road and That Street, Corbie Road will be extended beyond That Street. The open field at the bottom right of the map will be the venue for the construction of a Sports Center. Together with the removal of the shops from the the bottom left, more houses will have been erected.
Words: 189

Passive voice for IELTS Writing Task 1 Maps

It is advisable you use passive voices in the perfect aspect of tenses to comment on the amendments in the maps.

If the maps are of a past date, use the past perfect tense in the passive form.

FormatExample
subject + had been + past participleThe health post had been replaced by a hospital.

The area for farming had been decreased.

If the maps set out the changes till today, then use the passive form of the present perfect tense.

FormatExample
subject + has/have + been + past participleThe highway, which goes from east to west, has been expanded.

The trees in the park have been cut down.

For maps which deal will future changes, apply the future perfect tense in the passive voice.

FormatExample
subject + will have + past participleThe street will have been elongated in the future.

A new shopping center will have been built in the town center.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Map Tips: Relative clauses

A clause is a group of words with a subject and a predicate. A relative clause is a clause which uses relative pronouns like who, which, and that.

Relative clauses can be used to either define a noun or add information about the noun.

Consider the following examples:

The playground, which is in the middle of the park, has been downsized.

The branch manager who meets all the company goals will be promoted.

The sculpture, which was built in 2014, has been vandalized by thugs.

The underlined parts in the above examples are relative clauses. If they are removed from sentences, the sentences might still be grammatically correct, but they will lose some information.

Relative clauses make sentences complex, thereby boosting the chance of scoring high in IELTS Writing.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Maps Sample answer 2

WRITING TASK 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The plans below show the layout of a public park in 1990 and in 2020.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Central Park, 1990

map of old central park

Central Park, 2020

map of new central park
Sample answer:
The plans shed light on the changes which had occurred in Central Park between 1990 and 2020.

To summarize, although the basic layout of Central Park was the same, the park had been modernized over the 30 years with the addition of a museum, a stage, and a cafe.

The entrance to the park had been shifted from the southern side to the eastern side. The Krishna temple in the northwest of the park, the Buddha statue in the middle, and the Koi pond in the southeastern corner had remained untouched over the three decades.

Nevertheless, the flower garden, which was the major feature of the park in the northern side, had been downsized. Adjacent to it, a stage for programs had been constructed. The toilet had been relocated from the northeastern corner of the park to the southwestern corner. In the former place, a museum had been built.

Children’s play area, which was another major attraction in the park in the western end, had been reduced in size. The telephone booth and one of the shops, both from the southern side, had been removed. A cafe had been installed in the same area.
Words: 194

Next lesson:

IELTS Essay Format: Solving Writing Task 2 Easily

You may also like:

IELTS Listening Map Labelling Questions


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SOE MOE
SOE MOE
11 months ago

May I know what kind of qualifications the author has?
Also, is using only one tense in an essay enough to score high on grammar and accuracy?

Hdjsjs
Hdjsjs
10 months ago
Reply to  SOE MOE

Loda sullon

lgzey
lgzey
1 year ago

thx a lot bro

Xana leya
Xana leya
1 year ago

thanks really helpful

kozim
kozim
1 year ago

why was the essay written in Past Perfect? can anyone answer, why shouldn’t it have been just past simple?

Fabricio
Fabricio
1 year ago

The diagrams illustrate and compare some improvements which had been made in a public park from 1990 to 2020. Overall, Central Park was relatively small in 1990, and by 2020 it had undergone a drastic change with new infrastructure and amenities, it is now a more touristic place. Selecting the main features of the plans, the flower garden had been reduced in size to make way for a stage for programs. Similarly, the children`s play area had been reduced in size to build a toilet in the southwest corner. To the northwest corner, we find the Krishna temple which had remained unspoiled throughout the years, while in the northeast corner the toiled had been demolished to build a Museum of Local History. Furthermore, the Buddha statue, which is at the center of the Public Park, remained untouched. At the bottom center of the park, the telephone booth and the entrance had been demolished to make way for a Café. Along the north side of the Café, there used to be two shops, however, by 2020 only one shop remained. Finally, the entrance had been changed to the northwest side in the center.

Iqra
Iqra
1 year ago

This is really helpful. Fantastically covered each and every point.

mera
mera
1 year ago

So perfect, thanks for sharing

Mohammad Sarmadi
Mohammad Sarmadi
1 year ago

Fantastic. Thanks

mera
mera
1 year ago

Thanks a lot, it is so useful

Eastern River Oo
Eastern River Oo
1 year ago

Yes

Roziya
Roziya
1 year ago

thank you for the best explanation

Neha
Neha
2 years ago

Can’t thank you enough Dear 😊 very useful

Shuhratov Suhrob
Shuhratov Suhrob
2 years ago

that was very helpful materials, thank you.
can you write to my email, pls? i wanted to ask somethings about IELTS and its writing tasks?

WISDOM GAVOR
WISDOM GAVOR
2 years ago

hi i need a study friend who will be my coach. i woould like to write for corrections. thanks.

Simmy Galla
Simmy Galla
1 year ago
Reply to  Gaurav Thapa

Shall I send you one writing,i really need to take feedback

Harjeet Singh
Harjeet Singh
2 years ago

very poor vocab dude stop this

Your Bunny
Your Bunny
2 years ago

yo yo wassup bro, it is the most crucial essat for me thanks

anu
anu
2 years ago

i learnt alot today thanku

Rajveer kaur
Rajveer kaur
2 years ago

Very helpful and good aap 👍👍

Harjeet Singh
Harjeet Singh
2 years ago
Reply to  Rajveer kaur

he is pathetic are you blind

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