What are the 500 most important English words?

a dictionary

A research has found that there are 570 words which form the basis of academic English. These words and their variations are the most important English words which have to be understood for a proper comprehension of academic English.

The Academic Word List, a list of 570 headwords, was published by the Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand in 2000. The words in the Academic Word List came from a research based on academic texts from 28 different subject areas. These are the highest-frequency words in any academic text. In other words, they are the most common words in academic English.

In general, if you are reading or listening to academic topics (like the reading passages in IELTS or PTE tests), 10 percent of the words will be from this list.

That means, unless you know the meaning of the words in the list, you would not be able to understand one out of every ten words in academic English.

Alternately, you should learn to use these around 500 most important English words in your own writing or speaking to boost your vocabulary score.

In the Academic World List, the 570 most important English words have been divided into 10 sublists according to frequency of use.

The words below a headword are derivatives of that word.

Words in italics are the most common words in any word family.

Sublist 1

The most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

analyse
analysed, analyser, analysers, analyses, analyzing, analysis, analyst, analysts, analytic, analytical, analytically, analyze, analyzed, analyzes, analyzing

approach
approachable, approached, approaches, approaching, unapproachable

area
areas

assess
assessable, assessed, assesses, assessing, assessment, assessments, reassess, reassessed, reassessing, reassessment

assume
assumed, assumes, assuming, assumption, assumptions

authority
authoritative, authorities

available
availability, unavailable

benefit
beneficial, beneficiary, beneficiaries, benefited, benefiting, benefits

concept
conception, concepts, conceptual, conceptualisation, conceptualise, conceptualised, conceptualises, conceptualising, conceptually

consist
consisted, consistency, consistent, consistently, consisting, consists, inconsistencies, inconsistency, inconsistent

constitute
constituencies, constituency, constituent, constituents, constituted, constitutes, constituting, constitution, constitutions, constitutional, constitutionally, constitutive, unconstitutional

context
contexts, contextual, contextualise, contextualised, contextualising, uncontextualised, contextualize, contextualized, contextualizing, uncontextualized

contract
contracted, contracting, contractor, contractors, contracts

create
created, creates, creating, creation, creations, creative, creatively, creativity, creator, creators, recreate, recreated, recreates, recreating

data

define
definable, defined, defines, defining, definition, definitions, redefine, redefined, redefines, redefining, undefined

derive
derivation, derivations, derivative, derivatives, derived, derives, deriving

distribute
distributed, distributing, distribution, distributional, distributions, distributive, distributor, distributors, redistribute, redistributed, redistributes, redistributing, redistribution

economy
economic, economical, economically, economics, economies, economist, economists, uneconomical

environment
environmental, environmentalist, environmentalists, environmentally, environments

establish
disestablish, disestablished, disestablishes, disestablishing, disestablishment, established, establishes, establishing, establishment, establishments

estimate
estimated, estimates, estimating, estimation, estimations, over-estimate, overestimate, overestimated, overestimates, overestimating, underestimate, underestimated, underestimates, underestimating

evident
evidenced, evidence, evidential, evidently

export
exported, exporter, exporters, exporting, exports

factor
factored, factoring, factors

finance
financed, finances, financial, financially, financier, financiers, financing

formula
formulae, formulas, formulate, formulated, formulating, formulation, formulations, reformulate, reformulated, reformulating, reformulation, reformulations

function
functional, functionally, functioned, functioning, functions

identify
identifiable, identification, identified, identifies, identifying, identities, identity, unidentifiable

income
incomes

indicate
indicated, indicates, indicating, indication, indications, indicative, indicator, indicators

individual
individualized, individuality, individualism, individualist, individualists, individualistic, individually, individuals

interpret
interpretation, interpretations, interpretative, interpreted, interpreting, interpretive, interprets, misinterpret, misinterpretation, misinterpretations, misinterpreted, misinterpreting, misinterprets, reinterpret, reinterpreted, reinterprets, reinterpreting, reinterpretation, reinterpretations

involve
involved, involvement, involves, involving, uninvolved

issue
issued, issues, issuing

labour
labor, laboured, labours, laboured, labouring, labours

legal
illegal, illegality, illegally, legality, legally

legislate
legislated, legislates, legislating, legislation, legislative, legislator, legislators, legislature

major
majorities, majority

method
methodical, methodological, methodologies, methodology, methods

occur
occurred, occurrence, occurrences, occurring, occurs, reoccur, reoccurred, reoccurring, reoccurs

percent
percentage, percentages

period
periodic, periodical, periodically, periodicals, periods

policy
policies

principle
principled, principles, unprincipled

proceed
procedural, procedure, procedures, proceeded, proceeding, proceedings, proceeds

process
processed, processes, processing

require
required, requirement, requirements, requires, requiring

research
researched, researcher, researchers, researches, researching

respond
responded, respondent, respondents, responding, responds, response, responses, responsive, responsiveness, unresponsive

role
roles

section
sectioned, sectioning, sections

sector
sectors

significant
insignificant, insignificantly, significance, significantly, signified, signifies, signify, signifying

similar
dissimilar, similarities, similarity, similarly

source
sourced, sources, sourcing

specific
specifically, specification, specifications, specificity, specifics

structure
restructure, restructured, restructures, restructuring, structural, structurally, structured, structures, structuring, unstructured

theory
theoretical, theoretically, theories, theorist, theorists

vary
invariable, invariably, variability, variable, variables, variably, variance, variant, variants, variation, variations, varied, varies, varying

Sublist 2

The second-most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

achieve
achievable, achieved, achievement, achievements, achieves, achieving

acquire
acquired, acquires, acquiring, acquisition, acquisitions

administration
administrates, administrate, administrations, administrative, administratively, administrator, administrators

affect
affected, affecting, affective, affectively, affects, unaffected

appropriate
appropriacy, appropriately, appropriateness, inappropriacy, inappropriate, inappropriately

aspect
aspects

assist
assistance, assistant, assistants, assisted, assisting, assists, unassisted

category
categories, categorisation, categorise, categorised, categorises, categorizing, categorization, categorized, categorizes, categorizing

chapter
chapters

commission
commissioned, commissioner, commissioners, commissioning, commissions

community
communities

complex
complexities, complexity

compute
computation, computational, computations, computable, computer, computed, computerised, computers, computing

conclude
concluded, concludes, concluding, conclusion, conclusions, conclusive, conclusively, inconclusive, inconclusively

conduct
conducted, conducting, conducts

consequent
consequence, consequences, consequently

construct
constructed, constructing, construction, constructions, constructive, constructs, reconstruct, reconstructed, reconstructing, reconstruction, reconstructs

consume
consumed, consumer, consumers, consumes, consuming, consumption

credit
credited, crediting, creditor, creditors, credits

culture
cultural, culturally, cultured, cultures, uncultured

design
designed, designer, designers, designing, designs

distinct
distinction, distinctions, distinctive, distinctively, distinctly, indistinct, indistinctly

element
elements

equate
equated, equates, equating, equation, equations

evaluate
evaluated, evaluates, evaluating, evaluation, evaluations, evaluative, re-evaluate, re-evaluated, re-evaluates, re-evaluating, re-evaluation

feature
featured, features, featuring

final
finalise, finalised, finalises, finalising, finalize, finalized, finalizes, finalizing, finality, finally, finals

focus
focused, focuses, focusing, focussed, focussing, refocus, refocused, refocuses, refocusing, refocussed, refocusses, refocussing

impact
impacted, impacting, impacts

injure
injured, injures, injuries, injuring, injury, uninjured

institute
instituted, institutes, instituting, institution, institutional, institutionalise, institutionalised, institutionalises, institutionalising, institutionalized, institutionalizes, institutionalizing, institutionally, institutions

invest
invested, investing, investment, investments, investor, investors, invests, reinvest, reinvested, reinvesting, reinvestment, reinvests

item
itemisation, itemise, itemised, itemises, itemising, items

journal
journals

maintain
maintained, maintaining, maintains, maintenance

normal
abnormal, abnormally, normalisation, normalise, normalised, normalises, normalising, normalization, normalize, normalized, normalizes, normalizing, normality, normally

obtain
obtainable, obtained, obtaining, obtains, unobtainable

participate
participant, participants, participated, participates, participating, participation, participatory

perceive
perceived, perceives, perceiving, perception, perceptions

positive
positively

potential
potentially

previous
previously

primary
primarily

purchase
purchased, purchaser, purchasers, purchases, purchasing

range
ranged, ranges, ranging

region
regional, regionally, regions

regulate
deregulated, deregulates, deregulating, deregulation, regulated, regulates, regulating, regulation, regulations, regulator, regulators, regulatory, unregulated

relevant
irrelevance, irrelevant, relevance

reside
resided, residence, resident, residential, residents, resides, residing

resource
resourced, resourceful, resources, resourcing, unresourceful, under-resourced

restrict
restricted, restricting, restriction, restrictions, restrictive, restrictively, restricts, unrestricted, unrestrictive

secure
insecure, insecurities, insecurity, secured, securely, secures, securing, securities, security

seek
seeking, seeks, sought

select
selected, selecting, selection, selections, selective, selectively, selector, selectors, selects

site
sites

strategy
strategic, strategies, strategically, strategist, strategists

survey
surveyed, surveying, surveys

text
texts, textual

tradition
non-traditional, traditional, traditionalist, traditionally, traditions

transfer
transferable, transference, transferred, transferring, transfers

Sublist 3

The third-most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

alternative
alternatively, alternatives

circumstance
circumstances

comment
commentaries, commentary, commentator, commentators, commented, commenting, comments

compensate
compensated, compensates, compensating, compensation, compensations, compensatory

component
componentry, components

consent
consensus, consented, consenting, consents

considerable
considerably

constant
constancy, constantly, constants, inconstancy, inconstantly

constrain
constrained, constraining, constrains, constraint, constraints, unconstrained

contribute
contributed, contributes, contributing, contribution, contributions, contributor, contributors

convene
convention, convenes, convened, convening, conventional, conventionally, conventions, unconventional

coordinate
coordinated, coordinates, coordinating, coordination, coordinator, coordinators, co-ordinate, co-ordinated, co-ordinates, co-ordinating, co-ordination, co-ordinator, co-ordinators

core
cores, coring, cored

corporate
corporates, corporation, corporations

correspond
corresponded, correspondence, corresponding, correspondingly, corresponds

criteria
criterion

deduce
deduced, deduces, deducing, deduction, deductions

demonstrate
demonstrable, demonstrably, demonstrated, demonstrates, demonstrating, demonstration, demonstrations, demonstrative, demonstratively, demonstrator, demonstrators

document
documentation, documented, documenting, documents

dominate
dominance, dominant, dominated, dominates, dominating, domination

emphasis
emphasise, emphasised, emphasising, emphasize, emphasized, emphasizes, emphasizing, emphatic, emphatically

ensure
ensured, ensures, ensuring

exclude
excluded, excludes, excluding, exclusion, exclusionary, exclusionist, exclusions, exclusive, exclusively

framework
frameworks

fund
funded, funder, funders, funding, funds

illustrate
illustrated, illustrates, illustrating, illustration, illustrations, illustrative

immigrate
immigrant, immigrants, immigrated, immigrates, immigrating, immigration

imply
implied, implies, implying

initial
initially

instance
instances

interact
interacted, interacting, interaction, interactions, interactive, interactively, interacts

justify
justifiable, justifiably, justification, justifications, justified, justifies, justifying, unjustified

layer
layered, layering, layers

link
linkage, linkages, linked, linking, links

locate
located, locating, location, locations, relocate, relocated, relocates, relocating, relocation

maximise
max, maximised, maximises, maximising, maximisation, maximize, maximized, maximizes, maximizing, maximization, maximum

minor
minorities, minority, minors

negate
negative, negated, negates, negating, negatively, negatives

outcome
outcomes

partner
partners, partnership, partnerships

philosophy
philosopher, philosophers, philosophical, philosophically, philosophies, philosophise, philosophised, philosophises, philosophising, philosophize, philosophized, philosophizes, philosophizing

physical
physically

proportion
disproportion, disproportionate, disproportionately, proportional, proportionally, proportionate, proportionately, proportions

publish
published, publisher, publishers, publishes, publishing, unpublished

react
reacted, reacts, reacting, reaction, reactionaries, reactionary, reactions, reactive, reactivate, reactivation, reactor, reactors

register
deregister, deregistered, deregistering, deregisters, deregistration, registered, registering, registers, registration

rely
reliability, reliable, reliably, reliance, reliant, relied, relies, relying, unreliable

remove
removable, removal, removals, removed, removes, removing

scheme
schematic, schematically, schemed, schemes, scheming

sequence
sequenced, sequences, sequencing, sequential, sequentially

sex
sexes, sexism, sexual, sexuality, sexually

shift
shifted, shifting, shifts

specify
specifiable, specified, specifies, specifying, unspecified

sufficient
sufficiency, insufficient, insufficiently, sufficiently

task
tasks

technical
technically

technique
techniques

technology
technological, technologically

valid
invalidate, invalidity, validate, validated, validating, validation, validity, validly

volume
volumes, vol

Sublist 4

The fourth-most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

access
accessed, accesses, accessibility, accessible, accessing, inaccessible

adequate
adequacy, adequately, inadequacies, inadequacy, inadequate, inadequately

annual
annually

apparent
apparently

approximate
approximated, approximately, approximates, approximating, approximation, approximations

attitude
attitudes

attribute
attributable, attributed, attributes, attributing, attribution

civil

code
coded, codes, coding

commit
commitment, commitments, commits, committed, committing

communicate
communicable, communicated, communicates, communicating, communication, communications, communicative, communicatively, uncommunicative

concentrate
concentrated, concentrates, concentrating, concentration

confer
conference, conferences, conferred, conferring, confers

contrast
contrasted, contrasting, contrastive, contrasts

cycle
cycled, cycles, cyclic, cyclical, cycling

debate
debatable, debated, debates, debating

despite

dimension
dimensional, dimensions, multidimensional

domestic
domestically, domesticate, domesticated, domesticating, domestics

emerge
emerged, emergence, emergent, emerges, emerging

error
erroneous, erroneously, errors

ethnic
ethnicity

goal
goals

grant
granted, granting, grants

hence

hypothesis
hypotheses, hypothesise, hypothesised, hypothesises, hypothesising, hypothesize, hypothesized, hypothesizes, hypothesizing, hypothetical, hypothetically

implement
implementation, implemented, implementing, implements

implicate
implicated, implicates, implicating, implication, implications

impose
imposed, imposes, imposing, imposition

integrate
integrated, integrates, integrating, integration

internal
internalise, internalised, internalises, internalising, internalize, internalized, internalizes, internalizing, internally

investigate
investigated, investigates, investigating, investigation, investigations, investigative, investigator, investigators

job
jobs

label
labeled, labeling, labelled, labelling, labels

mechanism
mechanisms

obvious
obviously

occupy
occupancy, occupant, occupants, occupation, occupational, occupations, occupied, occupier, occupiers, occupies, occupying

option
optional, options

output
outputs

overall

parallel
paralleled, parallelled, parallelling, parallels, unparalleled

parameter
parameters

phase
phased, phases, phasing

predict
predictability, predictable, predictably, predicted, predicting, prediction, predictions, predicts, unpredictability, unpredictable

principal
principally

prior

professional
professionally, professionals, professionalism

project
projected, projecting, projection, projections, projects

promote
promoted, promoter, promoters, promotes, promoting, promotion, promotions

regime
regimes

resolve
resolution, resolved, resolves, resolving, unresolved

retain
retained, retaining, retainer, retainers, retains, retention, retentive

series

statistic
statistician, statisticians, statistical, statistically, statistics

status

stress
stressed, stresses, stressful, stressing, unstressed

subsequent
subsequently

sum
summation, summed, summing, sums

summary
summaries, summarise, summarised, summarises, summarising, summarisation, summarisations, summarization, summarizations, summarize, summarized, summarizes, summarizing

undertake
undertaken, undertakes, undertaking, undertook

Sublist 5

The fifth-most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

academy
academia, academic, academically, academics, academies

adjust
adjusted, adjusting, adjustment, adjustments, adjusts, readjust, readjusted, readjusting, readjustment, readjustments, readjusts

alter
alterable, alteration, alterations, altered, altering, alternate, alternating, alters, unalterable, unaltered

amend
amended, amending, amendment, amendments, amends

aware
awareness, unaware

capacity
capacities, incapacitate, incapacitated

challenge
challenged, challenger, challengers, challenges, challenging

clause
clauses

compound
compounded, compounding, compounds

conflict
conflicted, conflicting, conflicts

consult
consultancy, consultant, consultants, consultation, consultations, consultative, consulted, consults, consulting

contact
contactable, contacted, contacting, contacts

decline
declined, declines, declining

discrete
discretely, discretion, discretionary, indiscrete, indiscretion

draft
drafted, drafting, drafts, redraft, redrafted, redrafting, redrafts

enable
enabled, enables, enabling

energy
energetic, energetically, energies

enforce
enforced, enforcement, enforces, enforcing

entity
entities

equivalent
equivalence

evolve
evolution, evolved, evolving, evolves, evolutionary, evolutionist, evolutionists

expand
expanded, expanding, expands, expansion, expansionism, expansive

expose
exposed, exposes, exposing, exposure, exposures

external
externalisation, externalise, externalised, externalises, externalising, externality, externalization, externalize, externalized, externalizes, externalizing, externally

facilitate
facilitated, facilitates, facilities, facilitating, facilitation, facilitator, facilitators, facility

fundamental
fundamentally

generate
generated, generates, generating, generation, generations

image
imagery, images

liberal
liberalise, liberalism, liberalisation, liberalised, liberalises, liberalising, liberalization, liberalize, liberalized, liberalizes, liberalizing, liberate, liberated, liberates, liberation, liberations, liberating, liberator, liberators, liberally, liberals

licence
licences, license, licensed, licensing, licenses, unlicensed

logic
illogical, illogically, logical, logically, logician, logicians

margin
marginal, marginally, margins

medical
medically

mental
mentality, mentally

modify
modification, modifications, modified, modifies, modifying, unmodified

monitor
monitored, monitoring, monitors, unmonitored

network
networked, networking, networks

notion
notions

objective
objectively, objectivity

orient
orientate, orientated, orientates, orientation, orientating, oriented, orienting, orients, reorient, reorientation

perspective
perspectives, precise, imprecise, precisely, precision

prime
primacy

psychology
psychological, psychologically, psychologist, psychologists

pursue
pursued, pursues, pursuing, pursuit, pursuits

ratio
ratios

reject
rejected, rejecting, rejection, rejects, rejections

revenue
revenues

stable
instability, stabilisation, stabilise, stabilised, stabilises, stabilising, stabilization, stabilize, stabilized, stabilizes, stabilizing, stability, unstable

style
styled, styles, styling, stylish, stylise, stylised, stylises, stylising, stylize, stylized, stylizes, stylizing

substitute
substituted, substitutes, substituting, substitution

sustain
sustainable, sustainability, sustained, sustaining, sustains, sustenance, unsustainable

symbol
symbolic, symbolically, symbolise, symbolises, symbolised, symbolising, symbolism, symbolize, symbolized, symbolizes, symbolizing, symbols

target
targeted, targeting, targets

transit
transited, transiting, transition, transitional, transitions, transitory, transits

trend
trends

version
versions

welfare

whereas

Sublist 6

The sixth-most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

abstract
abstraction, abstractions, abstractly, abstracts

accurate
accuracy, accurately, inaccuracy, inaccuracies, inaccurate

acknowledge
acknowledged, acknowledges, acknowledging, acknowledgement, acknowledgements

aggregate
aggregated, aggregates, aggregating, aggregation

allocate
allocated, allocates, allocating, allocation, allocations

assign
assigned, assigning, assignment, assignments, assigns, reassign, reassigned, reassigning, reassigns, unassigned

attach
attached, attaches, attaching, attachment, attachments, unattached

author
authored, authoring, authors, authorship

bond
bonded, bonding, bonds

brief
brevity, briefed, briefing, briefly, briefs

capable
capabilities, capability, incapable

cite
citation, citations, cited, citing, cites

cooperate
cooperated, cooperates, cooperating, cooperation, cooperative, cooperatively, co-operate, co-operated, co-operates, co-operation, co-operative, co-operatively

discriminate
discriminated, discriminates, discriminating, discrimination

display
displayed, displaying, displays

diverse
diversely, diversification, diversified, diversifies, diversify, diversifying, diversity

domain
domains

edit
edited, editing, edition, editions, editor, editorial, editorials, editors, edits

enhance
enhanced, enhancement, enhances, enhancing

estate
estates

exceed
exceeded, exceeding, exceeds

expert
expertise, expertly, experts

explicit
explicitly

federal
federation, federations

fee
fees

flexible
flexibility, inflexible, inflexibility

furthermore

gender
genders

ignorant
ignorance, ignore, ignored, ignores, ignoring

incentive
incentives

incidence
incident, incidentally, incidents

incorporate
incorporated, incorporates, incorporating, incorporation

index
indexed, indexes, indexing

inhibit
inhibited, inhibiting, inhibition, inhibitions, inhibits

initiate
initiated, initiates, initiating, initiation, initiations, initiative, initiatives, initiator, initiators

input
inputs

instruct
instruction, instructed, instructing, instructions, instructive, instructor, instructors, instructs

intelligent
intelligence, intelligently, unintelligent

interval
intervals

lecture
lectured, lecturer, lecturers, lectures, lecturing

migrate
migrant, migrants, migrated, migrates, migrating, migration, migrations, migratory

minimum

ministry
ministered, ministering, ministerial, ministries

motive
motivate, motivated, motivates, motivating, motivation, motivations, motives, unmotivated

neutral
neutralization, neutralise, neutralised, neutralises, neutralising, neutrality, neutralization, neutralize, neutralized, neutralizes, neutralizing

nevertheless

overseas

precede
preceded, precedence, precedent, precedes, preceding, unprecedented

presume
presumably, presumed, presumes, presuming, presumption, presumptions, presumptuous

rational
irrational, rationalisation, rationalisations, rationalise, rationalised, rationalises, rationalising, rationalism, rationality, rationalization, rationalizations, rationalize, rationalized, rationalizes, rationally

recover
recoverable, recovered, recovering, recovers, recovery

reveal
revealed, revealing, reveals, revelation, revelations

scope

subsidy
subsidiary, subsidies, subsidise, subsidised, subsidises, subsidising, subsidize, subsidized, subsidizes, subsidizing

tape
taped, tapes, taping

trace
traceable, traced, traces, tracing

transform
transformation, transformations, transformed, transforming, transforms

transport
transportation, transported, transporter, transporters, transporting, transports

underlie
underlay, underlies, underlying

utilise
utilisation, utilised, utilises, utilising, utiliser, utilisers, utility, utilities, utilization, utilize, utilized, utilizes, utilizing

Sublist 7

The seventh-most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

adapt
adaptability, adaptable, adaptation, adaptations, adapted, adapting, adaptive, adapts

adult
adulthood, adults

advocate
advocacy, advocated, advocates, advocating

aid
aided, aiding, aids, unaided

channel
channelled, channelling, channels

chemical
chemically, chemicals

classic
classical, classics

comprehensive
comprehensively

comprise
comprised, comprises, comprising

confirm
confirmation, confirmed, confirming, confirms

contrary
contrarily

convert
conversion, conversions, converted, convertible, converting, converts

couple
coupled, coupling, couples

decade
decades

definite
definitely, definitive, indefinite, indefinitely

deny
deniable, denial, denials, denied, denies, denying, undeniable

differentiate
differentiated, differentiates, differentiating, differentiation

dispose
disposable, disposal, disposed, disposes, disposing

dynamic
dynamically, dynamics

eliminate
eliminated, eliminates, eliminating, elimination

empirical
empirically, empiricism

equip
equipment, equipped, equipping, equips

extract
extracted, extracting, extraction, extracts

file
filed, files, filing

finite
infinite, infinitely

foundation
foundations

globe
global, globally, globalisation, globalization

grade
graded, grades, grading

guarantee
guaranteed, guaranteeing, guarantees

hierarchy
hierarchical, hierarchies

identical
identically

ideology
ideological, ideologically, ideologies

infer
inference, inferences, inferred, inferring, infers

innovate
innovation, innovated, innovates, innovating, innovations, innovative, innovator, innovators

insert
inserted, inserting, insertion, inserts

intervene
intervened, intervenes, intervening, intervention, interventions

isolate
isolated, isolates, isolating, isolation, isolationism

media

mode
modes

paradigm
paradigms

phenomenon
phenomena, phenomenal

priority
priorities, prioritisation, prioritise, prioritised, prioritises, prioritising, prioritization, prioritize, prioritized, prioritizes, prioritizing

prohibit
prohibited, prohibiting, prohibition, prohibitions, prohibitive, prohibits

publication
publications

quote
quotation, quotations, quoted, quotes, quoting

release
released, releases, releasing

reverse
reversal, reversed, reverses, reversible, reversing, reversals, irreversible

simulate
simulated, simulates, simulating, simulation

sole
solely

somewhat

submit
submission, submissions, submits, submitted, submitting

successor
succession, successions, successive, successively, successors

survive
survival, survived, survives, surviving, survivor, survivors

thesis
theses

topic
topical, topics

transmit
transmission, transmissions, transmitted, transmitting, transmits

ultimate
ultimately

unique
uniquely, uniqueness

visible
visibility, visibly, invisible, invisibility

voluntary
voluntarily, volunteer, volunteering, volunteered, volunteers

Sublist 8

The eight-most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

abandon
abandoned, abandoning, abandonment, abandons

accompany
accompanied, accompanies, accompaniment, accompanying, unaccompanied

accumulate
accumulated, accumulating, accumulation, accumulates

ambiguous
ambiguities, ambiguity, unambiguous, unambiguously

append
appendix, appended, appends, appending, appendices, appendixes

appreciate
appreciable, appreciably, appreciated, appreciates, appreciating, appreciation, unappreciated

arbitrary
arbitrariness, arbitrarily

automate
automatic, automated, automates, automating, automatically, automation

bias
biased, biases, biasing, unbiased

chart
charted, charting, charts, uncharted

clarify
clarification, clarified, clarifies, clarifying, clarity

commodity
commodities, complement, complementary, complemented, complementing, complements

conform
conformable, conformability, conformance, conformation, conformed, conforming, conformist, conformists, conformity, conforms, nonconformist, nonconformists, nonconformity, non-conformist, non-conformists, non-conformity

contemporary
contemporaries

contradict
contradicted, contradicting, contradiction, contradictions, contradictory, contradicts

crucial
crucially

currency
currencies

denote
denotation, denotations, denoted, denotes, denoting

detect
detectable, detected, detecting, detection, detective, detectives, detector, detectors, detects

deviate
deviated, deviates, deviating, deviation, deviations

displace
displaced, displacement, displaces, displacing

drama
dramas, dramatic, dramatically, dramatise, dramatised, dramatising, dramatises, dramatisation, dramatisations, dramatist, dramatists, dramatization, dramatizations, dramatize, dramatized, dramatizes, dramatizing

eventual
eventuality, eventually

exhibit
exhibited, exhibiting, exhibition, exhibitions, exhibits

exploit
exploitation, exploited, exploiting, exploits

fluctuate
fluctuated, fluctuates, fluctuating, fluctuation, fluctuations

guideline
guidelines

highlight
highlighted, highlighting, highlights

implicit
implicitly

induce
induced, induces, inducing, induction

inevitable
inevitability, inevitably

infrastructure
infrastructures

inspect
inspected, inspecting, inspection, inspections, inspector, inspectors, inspects

intense
intensely, intenseness, intensification, intensified, intensifies, intensify, intensifying, intension, intensity, intensive, intensively

manipulate
manipulated, manipulates, manipulating, manipulation, manipulations, manipulative

minimise
minimised, minimises, minimising, minimize, minimized, minimizes, minimizing

nuclear

offset
offsets, offsetting

paragraph
paragraphing, paragraphs

plus
pluses

practitioner
practitioners

predominant
predominance, predominantly, predominate, predominated, predominates, predominating

prospect
prospective, prospects

radical
radically, radicals

random
randomly, randomness

reinforce
reinforced, reinforcement, reinforcements, reinforces, reinforcing

restore
restoration, restored, restores, restoring

revise
revised, revises, revising, revision, revisions

schedule
reschedule, rescheduled, reschedules, rescheduling, scheduled, schedules, scheduling, unscheduled

tense
tension, tensely, tenser, tensest, tensions

terminate
terminal, terminals, terminated, terminates, terminating, termination, terminations

theme
themes, thematic, thematically

thereby

uniform
uniformity, uniformly

vehicle
vehicles

via

virtual
virtually

visual
visualise, visualised, visualised, visualising, visualisation, visualize, visualized, visualizing, visualization, visually

widespread

Sublist 9

The ninth-most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

accommodate
accommodated, accommodates, accommodating, accommodation

analogy
analogies, analogous

anticipate
anticipated, anticipates, anticipating, anticipation, unanticipated

assure
assurance, assurances, assured, assuredly, assures, assuring

attain
attainable, attained, attaining, attainment, attainments, attains, unattainable

behalf

bulk
bulky

cease
ceased, ceaseless, ceases, ceasing

coherent
coherence, coherently, incoherent, incoherently

coincide
coincided, coincides, coinciding, coincidence, coincidences, coincident, coincidental

commence
commenced, commences, commencement, commencing, recommences, recommenced, recommencing

compatible
compatibility, incompatibility, incompatible

concurrent
concurrently

confine
confined, confines, confining, unconfined

controversy
controversies, controversial, controversially, uncontroversial

converse
conversely

device
devices

devote
devoted, devotedly, devotes, devoting, devotion, devotions

diminish
diminished, diminishes, diminishing, diminution, undiminished

distort
distorted, distorting, distortion, distortions, distorts

duration

erode
eroded, erodes, eroding, erosion

ethic
ethical, ethically, ethics, unethical

format
formatted, formatting, formats

found
founded, founder, founders, founding, unfounded

inherent
inherently

insight
insightful, insights

integral

intermediate

manual
manually, manuals

mature
immature, immaturity, maturation, maturational, matured, matures, maturing, maturity

mediate
mediated, mediates, mediating, mediation

mediu

military

minimal
minimalisation, minimalise, minimalises, minimalised, minimalising, minimalist, minimalists, minimalistic, minimalization, minimalize, minimalized, minimalizes, minimalizing, minimally

mutual
mutually

norm
norms

overlap
overlapped, overlapping, overlaps

passive
passively, passivity

portion
portions

preliminary
preliminaries

protocol
protocols

qualitative
qualitatively

refine
refined, refinement, refinements, refines, refining

relax
relaxation, relaxed, relaxes, relaxing

restrain
restrained, restraining, restrains, restraint, restraints, unrestrained

revolution
revolutionary, revolutionaries, revolutionise, revolutionised, revolutionises, revolutionising, revolutionist, revolutionists, revolutionize, revolutionized, revolutionizes, revolutionizing, revolutions

rigid
rigidities, rigidity, rigidly

route
routed, routes, routing

scenario
scenarios

sphere
spheres, spherical, spherically

subordinate
subordinates, subordination

supplement
supplementary, supplemented, supplementing, supplements

suspend
suspended, suspending, suspends, suspension

team
teamed, teaming, teams

temporary
temporarily

trigger
triggered, triggering, triggers

unify
unification, unified, unifies, unifying

violate
violated, violates, violating, violation, violations

vision
visions

Sublist 10

The tenth-most frequently-appearing words in academic English.

adjacent

albeit

assemble
assembled, assembles, assemblies, assembling, assembly

collapse
collapsed, collapses, collapsible, collapsing

colleague
colleagues

compile
compilation, compilations, compiled, compiles, compiling

conceive
conceivable, conceivably, conceived, conceives, conceiving, inconceivable, inconceivably

convince
convinced, convinces, convincing, convincingly, unconvinced

depress
depressed, depresses, depressing, depression

encounter
encountered, encountering, encounters

enormous
enormity, enormously

forthcoming

incline
inclination, inclinations, inclined, inclines, inclining

integrity

intrinsic
intrinsically

invoke
invoked, invokes, invoking

levy
levies

likewise

nonetheless

notwithstanding

odd
odds

ongoing

panel
panelled, panelling, panels

persist
persisted, persistence, persistent, persistently, persisting, persists

pose
posed, poses, posing

reluctance
reluctant, reluctantly

so-called

straightforward

undergo
undergoes, undergoing, undergone, underwent

whereby


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rejin karki
rejin karki
1 year ago

it is easy to use..i will recommend this website to my friends..
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